The archeological finds which have come to light, in particular, during the last decade have demonstrated without a shadow of doubt the roman origins of Misano.
The original name derives from one of the numerous families who moved from Lazio to the Rimini countryside (ager ariminensis) in the 3rd century B.C. It probably refers to a certain “Gens Mesia” that for military merits or other reasons managed to obtain large areas of land in our area. It was in the roman tradition to reward war veterans or anyone else who had given service to his country in this way. In the centuries following Roman conquists in the Misano territory, various populated centres sprang up, especially in the areas of Agina, Santamonica and Belvedere and later also in the hills behind (Ca’ Gallo, Misano Monte, Terrabianca, etc.).
The historical events in Misano, dating back to the 1st millennium of the “Era Vulgaris”, blurred by time and the lack of valid documents are interwoven with those of Rimini which already from 90 B.C. had become a colony under latin rule. Nevertheless our territory assumed a certain importance because in 997, the Parish of Saint Erasmus(Pieve di Sant’Erasmo), was built, one of the most ancient in the area.
For more than two centuries, precisely from 1295 to 1528, Misano was under the dominion of the Malatesta family who had a castle erected of which remains, sadly, only the entrance arch and part of the tower.
With the extinction of the Malatesta dynasty, Romagna and also Misano became part of the Papal State, whose jurisdiction lasted almost without interruption until the unity of Italy. An unforgettable event in that period was its becoming autonomous, in 1511, as results from a document which can be seen in the municipal archives. Subsequently it lost its independent administration several times for financial reasons and was forced to depend on one or another of the neighbouring towns. It only reacquired autonomy in 1827 detaching itself permanently from San Giovanni in Marignano. Nonetheless, little more than a century later(1935), it ran the risk of losing once more its independence to the nearby town of Cattolica, which demanded its annexing to meet the demand for tourist development in that seaside resort, already thirsty for power.
In 1938 under measures taken by the premier Mussolini, the town lost the nominative of “Villa Vittoria” whose origins date back to the last century (1862) to assume that of “Misano Adriatico” which remains to these days. [I]”Misano is and will remain an autonomous municipality as long as it remains an agricultural town”[i]: with this declaration, Mussolini, apart from guaranteeing autonomous administration of the town, decreed its rural vacation. However in the soul of people from Misano, the seeds of something which would have radically changed our economic system were germinating.
Then there was the long war and the difficult return to life. From this moment the history of Misano entwines with that of its tourist development, which from the slow dawn of the 30s finds complete fulfilment after the transferring of the council offices (1949) from Misano Monte to the coastal area. That difficult and in some ways painful decision has produced positive effects: today Misano is listed in the growing voices of international tourism.